Tax (GST) is implemented. Under the new tax device, an extra cess might be imposed. VIDEO: 2017 Nissan Armada Platinum Exterior and Interior Walkaround Part III Powered by means of Small petrol motors with engine potential of 1,200cc or less will appeal to an extra one percentage cess. The diesel cars with engine capacity of one,500cc or much less than to be able to get 3 percentage extra cess. Sports application automobiles, luxurious automobiles, and large sedans can be benefited from the brand new GST scheme. Even after the additional 15 percent cess, the total levied tax will be much less than the currently imposed tax. In the 2-wheelers phase, the bikes with engine ability of more than 350cc might be imposed with an extra three percent cess. The same quantity of cess could be levied on private plane and yachts. As in keeping with enterprise specialists, the implementation of the extra mess inside the entry-level segment will bring about hampering the boom of us of an as a production hub for small vehicles. The automobile enterprise is also seeking clarity on the taxes applied to the auto components.
The Finance Minister had said that the industrial intermediates would be taxed at 18 percentage. But it isn’t always but clear whether or not the automobile components fall under this class. Chairman of Maruti Suzuki, RC Bhargava said that impact of GST on vehicle expenses would be clean only when the very last costs are introduced for different segments of vehicles. The charges are in all likelihood to benefit the top class end of the marketplace. Source WHAT OTHERS ARE READING Read: Chevrolet To Stop Selling Cars In India — The End Of An Era
Blue Sky is the intrinsic value of an automobile dealership, over and above the value of its tangible assets. It is sometimes equated to the goodwill of a car dealership.
Most articles regarding the blue sky value of new car dealerships cite a multiple of earnings formula, such as three times earnings, four times earnings, and so forth. The idea that “blue-sky” can be determined by anything times anything is just plain wrong.
Even NADA the National Automobile Dealers Association in its publication entitled “A Dealer Guide to Valuing an Automobile Dealership, NADA June 1995, Revised July 2000 bemuses, in part, with respect to valuing a dealership by using a multiple of earnings: A Rule of Thumb valuation is more properly referred to as a “greater fool theory.” “It is not valuation theory, however.”
In its Update 2004, NADA omitted its reference to “fool”, but referred to the multiple formula as rarely based upon sound economic or valuation theory, and went on to state: “If you are a seller and the rule of thumb produces a high value, then this is not a matter of great concern. Go for it, and maybe someone will be stupid enough to pay you a very high value.”
A dealership’s blue sky is based upon what a buyer thinks it can produce in net profit. If potential buyers think it cannot produce a profit, the store will not sell. If it can produce a profit, then variables such as desirability of location, the balance the brand will bring to other existing franchises owned, whether or not the factory will require facility upgrades, and so on and so forth, determine whether or not a buyer will buy that particular brand, in that particular location, at that particular time.
I have been consulting with dealers for nearly four decades and have participated in over 1,000 automotive transactions ranging from $100,000 to over $100,000,000 and have never seen the price of a dealership sale determined by any multiple of earnings unless and until all of the above factors have been considered and the buyer then decided he, she or it was willing to spend “x” times what the buyer thought the dealership would earn, in order to purchase the business opportunity.
To think otherwise would be to subscribe to the theories that (1) even though you think a dealership could make a million dollars, the store is worth zero blue sky because it made no money last year; and (2) if a store has been making $5 million per year you should pay say 3 times $5 million as blue sky even though you think you will not produce that kind of profit. Both propositions are absurd. If a buyer does not think a dealership is worth blue sky, then what he is really saying is that he sees no business opportunity in the purchase and therefore, in my opinion, he should not buy the store.
Each dealership is unique with respect to its potential, location, the balance that its brand brings a dealer group, and condition of the facility. The sale is also unique with respect to whether it is a forced liquidation, orderly liquidation, arm’s length, insider, or a case where an anxious buyer is trying to induce an unwilling seller. There are management factors to consider, length and term of leases, possibilities or non-possibilities of purchasing the facilities and whether or not the factory wants to relocate the store or to open a new store up the street.
In the car business it is impossible to pick a dealership or a franchise out of a hat, multiply its earnings by some mystical number and predict either what the dealership is worth, or what price it would sell for – and it doesn’t matter if you are talking about a Toyota, Honda, Ford, Chevrolet, Chrysler, Dodge, or any other dealership. At any given time one franchise might be considered more or less desirable than another, but they are all valued in the same manner.
John Pico is the managing partner of Advising Automobile Dealers LLC. Mr. Pico served as a court appointed “Consultant to Debtor” in bankruptcy cases, a “Court Appointed Mediator” in automotive disputes, the “Court Appointed Arbitrator / Appraiser” in partnership disputes, a “Court Approved Consultant to Receiver” in a check-kiting case, as a “Superior Court Mediator” in dealership/lender litigation and has been recognized as an expert witness on both State and Federal levels.
He has consulted on upside-down positions of over $50 Million, out of trust position of over $4 Million and a bank overdraft of $30 Million. Since 1972, Mr. Pico has completed over 1,000 automobile dealership transactions, whose combined values exceed One Billion Dollars. In 1986, he authored and National Legal Publishing Company published the nation’s first book on Buying and Selling Automobile Dealership